• Home
  • Cherry Picked - Great 19th century Russian writers and Y2K scare influenced by same anxiety, scholar says

Great 19th century Russian writers and Y2K scare influenced by same anxiety, scholar says

Friday, February 12, 2016

LAWRENCE – The same anxiety that drove the Y2K computer bug panic at the turn of the millennium can be found in “Anna Karenina,” the Russian novel that Leo Tolstoy wrote more than a century earlier, a KU professor argues.

Just as it did in 2000, the turn of the 19th century brought feelings of overwhelming pessimism, anxiety and an apocalyptic sense of an ending. The French dubbed the years between 1890 and 1900 as fin de siècle, a time that the noted French writer Max Nordau described in his 1892 book “Degeneration” as the tension between the feeling of death and the desire for life.

In “Russian Writers and the Fin de Siècle: The Twilight of Realism,” scholars argue that the fin de siècle mood was most pronounced and prolonged in Russia. Themes of foreboding, decline, degeneration, decay and ending influenced Russian realism and some of the greatest Russian writers of the 19th century.

“This anxiety can be found throughout Europe, but in Russia it starts earlier and continues later,” said Ani Kokobobo, an assistant professor of Slavic languages and literatures, who co-edited the book with Katherine Bowers of the University of British Columbia.

The gloominess attributed to the fin de siècle mood dates as far back as Ivan Turgenev’s 1859 novella “A Nest of the Gentry” and continues until the 1917 Russian Revolution.

The book includes 15 essays from established and emerging scholars. Along with Tolstoy and Turgenev, the essays examine the work of other noted 19th century writers such as Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Anton Chekhov and Nikolai Gogol.

“What we are really interested in is what happens to the style that produced ‘Anna Karenina’ and ‘Crime and Punishment.’ At the turn of the century, there is this pessimistic mood, but there is also a lot of artistic experimentation and people playing with different styles. It’s a very productive depression,” Kokobobo said. “It’s clichéd to say, but unhappiness makes for great writing.”

Just as Americans fretted over the fate of the Y2K bug, Tolstoy’s 1878 “Anna Karenina” uses apocalyptic imagery to address industrial progress.

“This anxiety tends to be associated with the boom in technology, and the railroad in particular, and how it was destroying the traditional way of life as they knew it,” Kokobobo said. “Russians glorified their Middle Ages, and groups from both sides of the political spectrum believed that Russia used to be better before Peter the Great tried to make it more European.”

In some ways, Kokobobo said, by rebelling against empirical rationalism, stripping life to the bare bones, using emotionalism and putting characters in positions of crisis and moral dilemma, Russian fin-de-siècle literature reflects the national psyche. While in Europe, there was a belief in the stability of civilization and the middle class, in Russia capitalism, secularism and the modern state weren’t well-developed at that time.

“Instead you have a sense of terrible foreboding and disaster. And in some ways, Russians embrace this,” Kokobobo said.


Museum Events

Kenneth Spencer Research Library North Gallery Grand Reopening
Thursday, September 7 | 3 p.m.-4:30 p.m.: 15-minute tours of North Gallery, 4 p.m.: Brief remarks
Kenneth Spencer Research Library, 1450 Poplar Lane
University of Kansas campus

Fall 2017 Applied Humanities Workshop with N.Y. Nathiri
Friday, September 15 | 4 p.m.-5:30 p.m.
Hall Center for the Humanities Conference Room
Nathiri is executive director of of the Association for the Preservation of the Eatonville Community (P.E.C.). P.E.C. is a 501(c)(3) founded in 1987 and based in Eatonville, Florida, the hometown of Zora Neale Hurston. P.E.C. hosts the annual Zora Neale Hurston Festival of Arts and Humanities; The Zora Neale Hurston National Museum of Fine Arts (The Hurston); and a host of year-round programs for pre-K through 12. Nathiri is a professionally trained librarian and an award-winning preservationist.

Teacher Appreciation Night
September 28 | 4 p.m.-6:30 p.m.
The Truman Presidential Museum
500 W. U.S. Highway 24
Independence, MO
More than 20 museums across the region will be present to help teachers craft lessons and offer their resources. Free to all educators.
 

Home to 50+ departments, centers, and programs, the School of the Arts, and the School of Public Affairs and Administration
KU offers courses in 40 languages
No. 1 ranking in city management and urban policy —U.S. News and World Report
One of 34 U.S. public institutions in the prestigious Association of American Universities
44 nationally ranked graduate programs.
—U.S. News & World Report
Top 50 nationwide for size of library collection.
—ALA
23rd nationwide for service to veterans —"Best for Vets," Military Times